Thursday, 29 May 2008

Sir Chande

Ayoub mzee with the former leadr of Somalia H.E Hussein Farrah Aideed

Sir j.k chande

A new Chatham House report, The European External Action Service: Roadmap for Success, sets out ten key policy recommendations that would ensure that the EAS is the most effective possible instrument for its task. Brian Crowe, author of the report and a former adviser to Javier Solana, argues that, although success will depend, above all, on the political will of member states to agree and deliver common policies, the arrangements to formulate the policies, manage the decision-making process and then implement the policies are also crucial to success.
CONTACT SIR BRIAN CROWE, AUTHOR, +44 (0) 7847 450 770

G8 ABLE TO MEET EMISSIONS TARGETS WITH CURRENT TECHNOLOGIESThe G8 countries can largely meet their short-term and long-term emissions targets by establishing a deal to improve global energy efficiency at July’s G8 summit in Japan. A new paper, The International Climate Change Agenda: Opportunities for the G8, argues that reductions in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions can be achieved now by using current technologies and best practices - particularly in heavy energy-consuming sectors.

CONTACT ANTONY FROGGATT , AUTHOR: +44 (0) 7968 805 299

Japan's presidency of the G8 coincides with the fourth five-yearly Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD). In March the African Diplomatic Corps in Tokyo noted that TICAD's limited effectiveness on the ground reflects, in part, Japan's own approach to the continent - strong in terms of social development, but limited in economic development. A new paper, TICAD: Something Old, Something New, says that Japan's approach to African development has been influenced by its sluggish economy and political instability.


Wednesday, 28 May 2008




Dear All:

It is with deep regret that I wish to announce that I will be resigning as President of the JDYA-UK. After great thought and consideration I have to sadly accept that due to the demands of my job and personal commitments I'm unable to carry on as President. For these same reasons, I won't be able to attend the Jamaican Diaspora Conference 2008.

Please find attached my official resignation letter.

I will carry on as a member of the JDYA (UK) and I'll try to assist where possible during this transition. Thank you all for your support during my time in office.

I wish the JDYA (UK) all the best in its future endeavours!

Best wishes,

Dr Kevin Brown

Nawasalimu katika jina la Bwana.
Wale wote ambao mliweza kupokea taarifa ya mazishi yaGahima Victor Bitege, napenda kuwapa taarifa kwambamazishi yalienda vizuri kama ilivyopangwa natunamshukuru Mungu kwa kila kitu. Tuendelee kuwekafamilia hii katika maombi ili Mungu aendelee kuwapafaraja.Napenda kuchukua nafasi hii tena kuwakumbusha nakuwakaribisha kwenye ibada yetu ijayo yaani Jumapilitarehe 1/6/08 saa 8.00 mchana pale kanisani kwetu St.Annes Lutheran. Kwa wale wanaopenda masomo ya biblia,maombi na praise and worship tunaendelea na sehemuhiyo mara baada ya ibada ile ya kwanza. Karibuni wotetuweze kumwabudu Mungu wetu katika Roho na kwelikatika lugha yetu na kuweza kudumisha umoja wetu.Nawatakia kazi njema, ofisini, madarasani, nyumbani namahali pote mtakapokuwa mna shughulika.Mchungaji

Niger: The Paradox of Chronic Aid

Talk with Benedetta Rossi
RCUK Fellow, School of History, University of Liverpool

Thursday 29th May 2008, 17:00 pm at the Brunei Gallery

in association with the Retracing Heinrich Barth exhibition by Julia Winckler at the Brunei gallery

The first development schemes have been introduced in Niger in the last two decades of colonial rule. Since Independence, the country has been relying heavily on foreign aid. Yet, long exposure to aid interventions has not decreased poverty and vulnerability. Setting the crisis of 2005 in a long-term perspective, this paper will examine the causes of Niger’s continued dependence on aid.

Dr. Benedetta Rossi has been researching the social consequences of development in Niger since 1997. Some of the arguments of this talk are discussed in Rossi, B, “Les Paradoxes des Aides Chroniques” published in Crombe, X and Jezequel, JH (eds), 2007, Niger 2005: Une Catastrophe Si Naturelle, Paris: Karthala.

Venue: Brunei Gallery, opposite SOAS main building on Thornhaugh Street (NW corner of Russell Square), SOAS, University of London WC1H OXG.

Nearest tube: Russell Square

Liverpool: The Next Generation

LIVERPOOL has recruited nine people to shadow councillors in a groundbreaking new initiative to nurture the Black and minority ethnic community leaders of the future.

All parties on Liverpool City Council have joined forces with Operation Black Vote (OBV) - which promotes equality in politics - to tackle the under-presentation of Black and minority ethnic (BME) communities in the council chamber.

At present, just one of the 90 councillors in Liverpool is from a Black and minority ethnic group, meaning that the city’s elected members are not representative of Liverpool’s diverse communities. This reflects research nationally which shows the average councillor is a white man aged 58.

Nine dynamic Liverpool residents - seven women and two men – have been selected for OBV’s award winning programme to gain an insight into the roles and responsibilities of a councillor. Each shadow been assigned to an elected member from the Liberal Democrat, Labour and Liberal Party’s and will follow them for the next six months.

They are being sworn in at a special event at 5:30pm in the Council Chamber at Liverpool Town Hall, High Street, Liverpool on Thursday 29th May. They will be welcomed by Lord Mayor Steve Rotheram, their mentors and the leaders of the three largest political groups on the council.

The shadows will spend their time learning how the council works, all aspects of the decision making process and the life of a local councillor. This will include attending constituency surgeries and observing council meetings such as working groups and select committees.

Participants will also act as community ambassadors, holding community meetings to demystify the role of councillors and use the knowledge gained to encourage and inspire others to become active in civic life and promote better engagement.

Liverpool’s only current Black and minority ethnic councillor, Anna Rothery, a graduate of the Operation Black Vote national MP shadowing scheme said: “I very much welcome this initiative. It is a sad indictment that I am the only Black representative out of 90 councillors, particularly when the Black and minority ethnic community makes up over 8.2% of the population and we have one of the oldest Black communities in Europe, spanning 400 years.”

Thursday, 22 May 2008

tanzania on the map

The Eighth Leon H. Sullivan Summit Arusha, Tanzania

The Summit of a Lifetime

Monday, June 2, 2008 Priming Investors in Africa

8:00 – 8:45 Opening Session: Welcome to Tanzania
9:00 -10:30 Plenary: Africa in the Global Economy
9:00-5:00 Summit Exhibits
11:00-12:30 Forums
-AGOA: Investment Opportunities: Assessing East African Markets
-Corporate Social Responsibility, the Global Sullivan Principles and Development in Africa
-Investment in Agriculture
-Trade in Carbon Credits and Africa’s Future
12:45 -1:45 Lunch
2:00-3:30 Special Forum: The U.S. Government Role in Enhancing Business, Trade & Investment in Africa
3:30-5:00 Special Forum: The Role of Youth in Africa’s Future
7:30 -9:00 Sullivan Summit VIII Opening Reception

Tuesday, June 3, 2008 Addressing Africa’s Future: Education, Energy, Infrastructure
8:00-9:30 Plenary: Improving Africa’s Power Supply
9:00-5:00 Exhibits
10:00-11:30 Forums
-Africa’s Regional Power Pools
-Alternative Energy Sources and Rural Power in Africa
-Sustainable Infrastructure for Africa’s Development
-Building an African Healthcare Infrastructure
12:00-1:00 Lunch
1:30-3:00 Special Forum: A 21st Century Education System for Africa
3:00 -4:30 Special Forum: The African Diaspora – Investment, Citizenship and Relationship
7:30 – 10:30 An Evening in Tanzania: Dinner, Shopping & Entertainment

Wednesday, June 4, 2008 Sustaining African Tourism Growth
8:00-9:15 Plenary: Promoting Tourism in Africa
9:00-5:00 Exhibits
9:45 - 11:00 Forums
-Regional Tourism Strategies: The Caribbean Example
-Eco-Tourism Strategies
-Investment in the Tourism Sector
11:00 - 12:00 Lunch
12:00 - 4:30 Presidential Plenary
7:00-8:00 State Reception
8:00-10:30 State Banquet (Black Tie or National Dress)

Thursday, June 5, 2008 Going Green, Going Global: Sustainable Resource Management in Africa
8:30 - 10:00 Plenary: Africa’s Environmental Challenge: Sustain and Gain
9:00-5:00 Exhibits
10:00 - 11:00 Presidential Plenary
11: 30 12:45 Forums
-Africa’s Adaptation to Climate Change : Predictions and Responses
-Private Sector Alliances and Biodiversity Offset Opportunities
-NRM’s Role in Security, Development and Regional Collaboration
1:00 - 2:00 Lunch
2:30 - 3:00 Special Forum: “Separation & Loss…And Africa Grieved”
8:00-10:30 Sullivan Summit VIII Gala and Closing Dinner

May 2008

The Leon H. Sullivan Summit – Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation?
A: Inspired by the life and principles of Leon H. Sullivan, the Foundation exists to promote the political, entrepreneurial and intellectual leadership of the African Diaspora and friends of Africa, and to advocate on behalf of Africa and the world’s vulnerable people. Our dynamic approach to meeting our goals is inspired by both a passion for and commitment to the legacy of Leon H. Sullivan, and the desire to adapt his vision to a changing world through creative new initiatives. Our work concentrates on several areas, including:
§ Leon H. Sullivan Summits
§ Global Sullivan Principles
§ Government and Public Advocacy
§ Special projects in Africa
§ Events: Dinners, Forums and Town Hall Meetings

Q: Who are the Leaders of the Sullivan Foundation?
A: Ambassador Andrew Young, Co-Chairman
Ambassador Carlton Masters, Co-Chairman
Hope Masters, President & CEO, Leon H. Sullivan Foundation, Leon H. Sullivan Summit Convener

Q: What is the Leon H. Sullivan Summit?
A: The Leon H. Sullivan Summits bring together the world’s political and business leaders, delegates representing national and international civil and multinational organizations, and members of academic institutions in order to focus attention and resources on Africa’s economic and social development. Their mission was inspired by Rev. Leon H. Sullivan’s belief that the development of Africa is a matter of global partnerships. It was particularly important to Rev. Sullivan that Africa’s Diaspora and Friends of Africa are active participants in Africa’s development.

The Sullivan Summits are organized by the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation to highlight key issues, stimulate discussion, define best practices, identify new opportunities, promote private enterprise and foster high-level strategic partnerships. Creative and innovative initiatives emerge out of discussions and negotiations at the Summits and new relationships are brokered in order to make those initiatives a reality. The Sullivan Summits are a bridge between America and Africa, serving as a forum for economic and cultural cooperation.

Q: Where have the Summits been held in the past?
A: 1991-Abidjan, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
1993-Libreville, Gabon
1995-Dakar, Senegal
1997-Harare, Zimbabwe
1999-Accra, Ghana
2003- Abuja, Nigeria
2006-Abuja, Nigeria

Q: What are the 2008 location and dates?
A: June 2-6, 2008 in Arusha, Tanzania

Q: What will workshops focus on this year?
A: Summit Sessions will focus on:
§ Environment
§ Infrastructure Development (especially power generation)
§ Investment
§ Tourism
§ Education
§ Health
§ Youth
Planned In-Country Projects Include:
§ Books for Africa Project- textbooks will be delivered during Summit and distributed
§ The printing of textbooks for local schools in Arusha
§ Mosquito Net/Malaria Project- Manyata Village has already been given nets, more nets to be distributed to other villages during Summit
§ Medical Supplies Donations to arrive after the Summit
§ A water well project- to supply fresh water
§ Play Pumps is supplying water pumps that will be put in Arusha to generate fresh water

Q: Why should the average citizen care about this?
A: Rev. Sullivan firmly believed that you would care about something that you felt a connection with. These Summits were created to build a bridge to connect America and the African Diaspora to Africa. Tanzania is known as the “cradle of mankind,” and this Summit provides the unique opportunity to not only partake in relevant discussions on Africa, but also to share and celebrate the culture. Guests will be treated to a stopover on Zanzibar Island, visit a game park for Safari and go to Ngorongoro Crater, along with daily dinners, receptions and ceremonies.

But perhaps best of all, through a partnership with African Ancestry, registrants will be able to have their DNA tested prior to the Summit and opt to have their ancestry revealed in-country.

Q: How many delegates are expected here?
A: There are two 767 jetliners coming from the U.S. Ethiopian Airways is the official Summit Airlines
Thousands from elsewhere around the world

Q: How can I learn more about the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation?
A: or call 202/736-2239

African Heads of State, U.S Delegates to Convene in Arusha, Tanzania June 2 - 6
May 14, 2008 — (Washington, DC) –
Ethiopian Airlines was named the official carrier for the 2008 Leon H. Sullivan Summit, announced Hope Masters, President and CEO, Leon H. Sullivan Foundation and Convener of the Summit.
The airline will bring two 767 jetliners from Washington, D.C. to Arusha, Tanzania for the Summit which takes place June 2nd – 6th.
Although the planes will depart from Dulles International Airport on two separate dates (May 28 and May 30), both flights will arrive in Arusha on May 31st. Delegates taking the May 28 flight will receive a two night stay in Ethiopia’s capital city of Addis Ababa. Those on the May 30th flight will stop in Zanzibar for one night at the conclusion of the Summit.
“The 2008 Summit marks the first time we are hosting the event in an East African country. It is only fitting that an East African airline such as Ethiopian Airlines embarks on this journey with us,” stated Hope Masters. “Many will be seeing Africa for the first time and I am proud that Ethiopian Airlines will not only be the captains of this voyage, but participants in the experience.”
As the official charter airline, Ethiopian will be recognized in national and international Summit publicity efforts before and throughout the conference. This includes advertising banners that will run on the Africa Channel’s website,, and All Africa’s website, It also will be part of the in country media campaign currently underway in Tanzania and other countries in East Africa.
Ethiopian Airlines,, one of the largest and fastest growing airlines in Africa made its maiden flight to Cairo in 1946.
The airline currently serves 50 destinations around the globe, 30 of which are in Africa. The addition of services to Kuwait and Riyadh will bring the total number of the Airline’s international destinations to 52. Ethiopian also plans to be the first carrier to operate the Dreamliner-B787 in Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
Inspired by the life and principles of Leon H. Sullivan, The Sullivan Summits are organized by the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation with the goal of highlighting key issues, stimulating discussion, defining best practices, identifying new opportunities, promoting private enterprise and fostering high-level strategic partnerships.
Notables who have participated in past Summits have included U.S. Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, General Colin Powell, former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, Dorothy Height and the late Coretta Scott King. Celebrities including Chris Tucker, Sheryl Lee Ralph, Cicely Tyson and Dick Gregory also have attended past Summits.
For more information, go to
Contacts: Nichet Smith, Sullivan Foundation,
Michelle Pascal (in U.S.) 917.715.3659 – or
Kelly Beaty (in U.S.) 646.344.2632



RAIS Amani Abeid Karume, ametoa masharti ya kukutana na Katibu Mkuu wa CUF, Maalim Seif Sharif Hamad, kuhusu Muafaka na kumtaka kwanza amtambue kuwa ni Rais halali aliyechaguliwa kwa kura nyingi kwenye uchaguzi mkuu mwaka 2005.
Akizungumza jana na waandishi wa habari Ikulu visiwani zanzibar baada ya kurudi safari ya Marekani, Rais Karume alisema kimsingi hana matatizo na Maalim Seif kukutana naye na kuzungumzia mustakabili wa kisiasa nchini,lakini amtambue kwanza kuwa ni Rais aliyechaguliwa kwa kura nyingi kuongoza visiwa vya Unguja na Pemba."Milango iko wazi kwa mtu yeyote kukutana nami...hata ninyi waandishi wa habari si mnakuja hapa...lakini masharti ni lazima anitambue mimi kama Rais halali niliyechaguliwa kwa kura nyingi katika uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka 2005," alisema Rais Karume.
Alisema hilo kutokana na swali aliloulizwa kuhusu moja ya masharti ambayo CUF inayatoa kwa sasa ili kuanza tena kwa mazungumo ya Muafaka wa kisiasa,kati ya vyama hivyo ambao kwa sasa unaonekana wazi kukwama.CUF wanataka ili kurudi katika meza ya mazungumzo ya Muafaka, Rais Jakaya Kikwete kwanza aingilie kati na kuwakutanisha Maalim Seif na Rais Karume, hatua ambayo itawezesha mazungumzo hayo kuanza tena baada ya kukwama.Habari hii na Ali Suleiman


The late D.T.BALLALI (R.I.P)

Aliyekuwa gavana mkuu wa Benki Kuu ya Tanzania (BoT), Daudi Timoth S. Ballali amefariki.Kwa habari zenye uhakika toka kwa ndugu wa karibu na mkewe,Mama Anna Muganda zinatonya kuwa amefariki Tarehe 16.05.2008 huko BOSTON, USA na anatarajiwa Kuzikwa ijumaa Boston Nchini Marekani.------------
Nyadhifa Alizoshika Enzi ya
Uhai Wake..
-Mwaka 1967-1976 alikuwa mtumishi katika Benki kuu ya Tanzania alishika nyadhifa mbalimbali.
-Mwaka 1979 -1984 alifanya kazi nchini nGhana akiwa kama mtumishi wa Shirika la Fedha Duniani (IMF) kama mchumi.
-Mwaka 1984-1986 akiwa IMF alihamishiwa Zimbabwe katika nafasi hiyo ya mchumi.
- 1986-1997 aliongoza Timu ya IMF kwa ajili ya majadiliano na usimamizi wa sera ya mageuzi ya uchumi.
-1997-1998 aliteuliwa kuwa mshauri wa Rais wa mambo ya uchumi. na
Mwaka 1998 aliteuliwa Rasmi kuwa Gavana wa BoT,wadhifa aliodumu nao hadi Januari 2008.Kabla ya Rais Kikwete Kutengua uteuzi Bw Balali Mwezi January 2008.
Hat Hivyo wakati akiwa Gavana IMF ilimteua tena mwaka 2006-2008 kuwa mjumbe wa bodi ya Magavana akitokea Tanzania. Na mwaka 2006 alikuwa mjumbe wa bodi ya wakurugenzi ya Mamlaka ya Mapato (TRA).

[ref.haki ngowi]

Is this the Price for Indipendence and self governance south Africa Style?

South African President Thabo Mbeki has condemned recent attacks targeting immigrants in the Johannesburg area which has killed 22 people.

In a statement released late Monday, the president vowed that police would get "to the root of the anarchy" which erupted last week in poor townships around South Africa's economic capital.
"Citizens from other countries on the African continent and beyond are as human as we are and deserve to be treated with respect and dignity," he said.
The attacks on foreigners began a week ago in the township of Alexandra, north of Johannesburg, before spreading to the city center and across the Gauteng region.

Wednesday, 21 May 2008

ethopian culture abroad

Ethiopia Diaspora children celebrating their culture in London
photo: Ayoub mzee


chinese life in london[1920s] film set


FARIDA FASHIONS KITCHEN @club Afrique every sunday


WHEN: 24TH MAY 2008 from 9.30 am
CONTACT TEL 02088088800



may bank holiday -
special free wine bottle for every group of four
sat sun monday

Wednesday, 14 May 2008

london mayor on crime

Boris Johnson-the new mayor of london has made the fight against street crime among London's youths the priority for his mayoralty.
Mr Johnson started his first week at City Hall by calling for action to halt the "disastrous" effects of "children too often growing up without boundaries and without respect".
He proposed a new network of 100 "Saturday schools" for disaffected children, and praised the work of London boxing clubs, saying they represented a route to "physical release" for young people as well as a path back into education

‘Reporting and Recording Zimbabwe’
Saturday 28, June 2008, 9.00 – 5.00pm
St. Antony’s College, 62 Woodstock Road, Oxford, OX2 6JF Nissan Lecture Theatre

The BZS Research Day 2008 will explore how the Zimbabwe story was ‘reported and recorded’ both prior and post Independence. The Day will highlight a range of research questions, including: How has the western media, in particular the British media, covered the Zimbabwe story? How difficult is it for local journalists inside Zimbabwe to cover the story? Who sets the news agenda?

There is a long history of state attempts in Zimbabwe to control the media, alongside state support for mass media as a means to reach both rural and urban populations. In recent years, newspapers have been shut down, some radio stations jammed, some journalists arrested, and others gone into exile. This media environment has been deemed repressive by a broad range of commentators, while government supporters have portrayed the independent media as the product of externally-funded and destabilising fifth columnists. The Research Day will attempt to put these developments into broader historical, legal and media contexts.

The pattern of the day is to hold four 90 minute sessions plus a concluding discussion. The opening session will provide a historical overview of the politics of mass media in Zimbabwe; the 2 nd panel will evaluate the western media coverage of Zimbabwe; the third session will look at media regulation and the fourth session will look at the role of new media. Each panel will include opportunities for questions and comments from the floor. In concluding, the Research Day will draw generalisations from the day and indicate fruitful areas for future research and its application.

To register for the Research Day please use the form below. For further information on the programme itself contact the convenors:
Forward Maisokwadzo
Professor Diana Jeater
Professor Terence Ranger
Nordic Africa Institute event:
The 2008 Research Day is being organised in collaboration with the Nordic Africa Institute (NAI) in Uppsala, Sweden, who are convening a by-invitation seminar on Friday 27 June at St Antony's College entitled Towards Cultural Constructions of Zimbabwe. For more information, see the NAI website
Or contact the convenor, Mai Palmberg,
Draft Programme
09.00 Registration
09.30 Panel A Opening session- Mass Media and Politics in Zimbabwe: An historical overview
Chair: Dr Winston Mano
University of Westminster
1. Bill Saidi , Veteran Zimbabwean Journalist and Editor, The Zimbabwe Standard
2. Terence Ranger , Oxford University and President, Britain Zimbabwe Society
11.00 Tea / Coffee
11.15 Session 2 Panel B : Evaluating Western Media Coverage of Zimbabwe
Speakers to include:
Chair: Jim Boumehla
International Federation of Journalists
1. Wendy Willems
SOAS, University of London
2. Christina Lamb
Sunday Times
3. Wilf Mbanga
The Zimbabwean (tbc)
4. Ish Mafundikwa
Voice of America London Bureau
13.00 Lunch
14.00 Session 3 Panel C : Political, Commercial and Legal Pressures on Journalists (Media Regulation). Speakers to include:
Chair : Gugulethu Moyo, International Bar Association
1. Rashweat Mukundu , Director, MISA Zimbabwe Chapter
2. Dr Alex Magaisa , Kent University
3. Sandra Nyaira , Secretary, Association of Zimbabwe Journalists UK and former Daily News Political Editor
4. Gerry Jackson , Manager, SW Radio Africa
15.15 Session 4 Panel D: Cyber democracy: a Role for New Media? Speakers to include:
Chair: Knox Chitiyo
1. Clayton Peel, PhD Candidate
2. Last Moyo, Post Doctoral Fellow
3. Mduduzi Mathuthu , Editor,
4. Jonathan Zilberg , Research Fellow, National Museum of African Art
16.45 Conclusion: Chair and commentator: Diana Jeater, UWE and BZS Chair
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
To register in advance, print out, complete and return this form with your cheque to: Marieke Clarke, 5a Crick Road, Oxford OX2 6QJ (Email: )
Registration fees: £17 BZS members; £30 non-members; £5 unwaged
I am a member / not a member of BZS
NAME _________________________________________________________
TELEPHONE: ____________________________________________________ POSTAL ADDRESS: _______________________________________________
I enclose a cheque for £________made out to Britain Zimbabwe Society (sorry, we cannot take credit/debit card payments). Please note that this fee does not include lunch or refreshments.
Acknowledgement of registration will be sent by email, or by post if you send a stamped addressed envelope. If you need advice about accommodation in Oxford, please look at the website or contact Marieke Clarke, 5a Crick Road, Oxford OX2 6QJ Email:

Tuesday, 13 May 2008


Eritrea emerged from its long war of independence in 1993 only to plunge once again into military conflict, first with Yemen and then, more devastatingly, with its old adversary, Ethiopia.

April 20-21, 1997A meeting to discuss border issues that had surfaced in the course of the previous year was held in Shire, Tigray, Ethiopia between the vice president of the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, and the deputy administrator of the Gash-Barka Region of Eritrea.
June 22-27, 1997 A sub-committee, designated in accordance with the Shire decisions, met to make a tour of the "demarcations," a length it determined at about 40 kms. It was established then that, not just one, but a set of at least three demarcations, each creeping deeper into Eritrea had been laid on the ground. This was, naturally, highly objectionable to the Eritrean representatives.
July 18-19, 1997 "Three truckloads of Ethiopian troops entered the Badme area and planted radio communications equipment. Eritrean territory inside the "unilaterally demarcated" area was, thus, put under patrol. Subsequently to these massive expulsion of Eritreans begun."
July 24, 1997Ethiopian administrators instructed the Eritrean administrators to disband -- they were taking over. They declared Adi Murug Ethiopian territory and appointed their own administrative committee.
August 8, 1997Two Eritrean officials traveled to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to discuss the matter with their counterparts in Ethiopia. They tried to register their protest on what was happening at Adi Murug and in Badme and that it was inconsistent with the friendly relationship between the two sides. They argued that using force to create facts on the ground was not acceptable. They also asked that the Ethiopian government reverse the steps it had taken. Any outstanding matters, they maintained, could be handled in a spirit of understanding and taking the welfare of the border population into consideration
October 17, 1997 Weyin, the official organ of the TPLF, printed a new map of Tigray Region, which for the first time, in almost a hundred years, altered Eritrea's colonial border with Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Mapping Authority also officially printed this "illegal" map of the Tigray Region. The map later appeared on the new Ethiopian currency.
November 1997The Joint High Commission met in Asmara, Eritrea and agreed to meet again within three months. There was no discussion on substantive matters. In the meantime, in January 1998, Ethiopian troops were deployed to the border on the Assab line to demand that the Eritrean border post situated on the Assab-Addis Ababa road move several kilometers towards Assab, as the area was being claimed by Ethiopia. A patient handling and quiet diplomacy on the part of Eritrea averted what could have been a dangerous confrontation.January 1998:Ethiopia tried by military means to occupay sovereign Eritrean territory on the Burie area (Assab-Dessie road ). Unfortunately, Eritrean efforts to solve the problem amicably and bilaterally failed as the Government of Ethiopia continued to bring under its occupation the Eritrean territories that it had incorporated into its map.
May 6, 1998Ethiopian troops, unprovoked, fired at an Eritrean patrol unit on routine duty along the border around Badme. Several of its members were killed. This triggered off a chain reaction on both sides.
May 13, 1998 The Ethiopian Parliament declared war on Eritrea!
May 14, 1998The Eritrean Government called for peace and invited neutral parties to examine the circumstances leading to the incident Ayoub mzee with the Eritrea Ambassador to the Uk and Ireland

According to the Ambassador, he says that there is no lack of determination. The Eritreans have always had a justified reputation for being industrious, and their determination to rebuild the country, so clearly visible, is matched by their courage in winning their freedom against massive odds.
A fundamental principle of the national development program is 'progress through self-reliance'. Eritrea has never accepted any aid that had conditions attached..


CMAG at work

Ayoub mzee with the Sri lanka foreign minister HON .Rohitha Bogollagama
The new Commnwealth secretary General

Concluding Statement – 29th Meeting of the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group on the Harare Declaration (CMAG)
1. The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group on the Harare Declaration (CMAG) had its twenty-ninth meeting at Marlborough House in London on 12 May 2008. This was the Group’s first formal meeting following its reconstitution by Commonwealth Heads of Government in Kampala in November 2007. The meeting was attended by Hon Akwasi Osei Adjei, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ghana, Hon Dr. Rais Yatim, Minister of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, Hon Marco Hausiku, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Namibia, Rt Hon Winston Peters, Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand, Hon Rohitha Bogollagama, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka, Hon Sam Kutesa, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uganda, Lord (Mark) Malloch-Brown, UK Minister for Africa, Asia and the UN, HE Jean Kekedo, High Commissioner of Papua New Guinea to the UK, and HE Eldridge Stephens, High Commissioner of St Lucia to the UK.

2. CMAG adopted its Agenda and unanimously elected the Hon Dr. Rais Yatim, Foreign Minister of Malaysia, as its Chairman. It also elected Hon Sam Kutesa, Foreign Minister of Uganda, as Deputy Chairman.

3. CMAG reviewed developments in the countries on its Agenda, namely Pakistan and Fiji Islands.

4. CMAG received a report from the Chairman on his recent visit to Pakistan in April 2008. It also received a report from the Secretary-General on the Secretariat’s engagement with Pakistan and developments in that country since CMAG’s last meeting on 22 November 2007.

5. The Group welcomed the fact that President Musharraf had given up his role as Chief of Army Staff (COAS) on 28 November 2007. The separation of the offices of the Head of State and COAS in Pakistan had met a long standing requirement of Commonwealth leaders.

6. CMAG noted that the State of Emergency imposed on 3 November 2007 was lifted on 15 December 2007. The Constitution had been subsequently restored along with the fundamental rights of the people that had been suspended during the period of the Emergency.

7. The Group commended the holding of parliamentary elections in Pakistan on 18 February and the transition to a democratically elected government. It noted that while most observers of the polls had found them to be reasonably credible and the results accepted by all parties, there was need for reform. In this regard, it welcomed the new Government’s stated intention to reform the Election Commission and enhance its independence.

8. CMAG welcomed the recent removal of curbs on private media broadcasts and other restrictions on the press that had continued to be in place even after the Emergency was lifted on 15 December 2007. It also noted that political detainees and activists arrested under the Proclamation of Emergency had now been released.

9. Recalling the call made by CMAG at its last meeting with regard to restoring the independence of the judiciary as an institution, the Group welcomed the new Government’s stated resolve to do so. It urged Pakistan to respect the Commonwealth Latimer House Principles to reinforce the independence of the judiciary and resolve current issues through the parliamentary process, as soon as possible, so that it contributes to democratic political stability in Pakistan.

10. CMAG agreed that, since it last met on 22 November 2007, the Government of Pakistan had taken positive steps to fulfil its obligations in accordance with Commonwealth fundamental values and principles. It accordingly decided that Pakistan is now restored to the Councils of the Commonwealth.

11. CMAG requested the Secretary-General to continue to offer technical assistance to the Government of Pakistan, as appropriate, to support the further strengthening of democratic institutions and processes in the country. CMAG also urged other Commonwealth Members to provide similar assistance.

Fiji Islands
12. CMAG received an update from the Secretary-General on the Secretariat’s engagement with Fiji and developments in that country since it was last discussed by the Group on 29 September 2007.
13. The Group reaffirmed its strong support for the regional process led by the Pacific Islands Forum. It reiterated that it was essential that elections be held by the deadline of March 2009 as agreed between the Pacific Islands Forum and the Interim Government, if not sooner, and all parties must be allowed to participate freely.
14. CMAG expressed grave concern at slippages in election preparation. It noted the need to appoint an appropriate Supervisor of Elections immediately and called on the interim government to expedite preparations for the elections under the current constitutional arrangements. The Group urged Commonwealth members, the Pacific Islands Forum, the United Nations and the wider international community to ensure the Interim Government holds firm to the March 2009 deadline.
15. The Group continued to be concerned at reports which indicated that the independence of the judiciary and freedom of the media were being seriously compromised, including the deportation of media personnel in contravention of court orders and evidence of the continued militarisation of key Fijian institutions. It also expressed concern at reports of continued human rights abuses.
16. The Group re-affirmed the need to engage in an inclusive dialogue process with all Fijian people and parties including civil society. It expressed full support for the efforts of the Secretary-General’s representative Sir Paul Reeves to facilitate such a dialogue. It reiterated its firm belief that the constitutional future of Fiji should ultimately be determined through a representative, elected parliament.
17. The Group called for significant progress to be made in Fiji towards meeting the deadline by the time of CMAG’s next meeting in September.
19. CMAG requested the Secretary-General to remain engaged, to deploy his good offices as appropriate and continue to offer relevant technical assistance.
20. The Group decided to retain Fiji on its Agenda.
Next meeting
21. CMAG agreed that it would next meet in New York on 27 September 2008.

Saturday, 10 May 2008

The Leon H. Sullivan Summits
About the Summit The Leon H. Sullivan Summits bring together the world’s political and business leaders, delegates representing national and international civil and multinational organizations, and members of academic institutions in order to focus attention and resources on Africa’s economic and social development. Their mission was inspired by Rev. Leon H. Sullivan’s belief that the development of Africa is a matter of global partnerships. It was particularly important to Rev. Sullivan that Africa’s Diaspora and Friends of Africa are active participants in Africa’s development. The Sullivan Summits are organized by the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation to highlight key issues and best practices, stimulate discussion and define opportunities, promote private enterprise and foster high-level strategic partnerships. Creative and innovative initiatives emerge out of discussions and negotiations at the Summits, and new relationships are brokered in order to make those initiatives a reality. The Sullivan Summits are bridge between America and Africa, serving as a forum for economic and cultural cooperation.
Africa needs partners, who can bring skills, expertise and resources to the problems and challenges it faces and defines. It is through these partnerships that Africa can realize its full potential.

What We Do Our mission is to carry on the spirit and legacy of Reverend Leon H. Sullivan, the great African American international humanitarian, by leveraging the commitments and resources of the African Diaspora and Friends of Africa for positive change in the world. We do so by advocating for domestic and international issues that Rev. Sullivan dedicated his life to, by supporting the work of the organizations he founded, and by providing a platform for Africa’s political, economic and cultural leaders in the United States. Our work is guided by the principles that Rev. Sullivan championed: self-help, social responsibility, economic empowerment and human rights.In order to achieve its goals, the Foundation organizes the biennial Leon H. Sullivan Summits and Leon H. Sullivan Summit Awards Dinners, as well as additional premier forums and events. Moreover, the Sullivan Foundation engages in government and media advocacy activities to help inform United States government policy, private sector economic investment and public opinion toward the nations and people of Africa.

Thursday, 8 May 2008


The Launch of the SACOMA world Enterprenuership Summit in Kenya

The Kenya Highcommissioner UK at the Launch