Tuesday, 7 July 2015



The report presents the results of the monitoring study focused on BRICS countries’ compliance with eight priority commitments selected from the total 68 commitments made at the Fortaleza Summit in July 2014. It covers actions taken by the BRICS members from 15 July 2014 to 28 June 2015 to fulfil those promises. At 100%, the highest level of compliance was registered for the commitment to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity. All five members took concrete actions to protect endangered species and addressed economic and social aspects of the environmental agenda.

In second place, at 90%, were the commitments on attaining the education-related Millennium Development Goals, moving towards universal primary education and gender equality, and strengthening international anti-corruption cooperation, including law enforcement cooperation, in accordance with the United Nations Convention Against Corruption.

Most BRICS countries took steps to implement the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in all four of its priority areas, achieving a score of 80%.

The same score of 80% was achieved on complying with the commitment to ensure sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights for all. Brazil, Russia and South Africa fully complied, which was manifested, inter alia, in maintaining no restrictions on the number of children in a family.

The commitment to enhance cooperation on addressing tax base erosion and information exchange for tax purposesachieved a score of 60%. BRICS members actively collaborated with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and have begun incorporating the norms in the Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting into their national legislation. Most members have announced the launch of the automatic exchange of tax information in accordance with the OECD standards.

The average compliance score for the commitment to support Afghanistan’s stabilization also amounted to 60%. Russia, India and China provided assistance to ensure security, socioeconomic development and effective governance.

The only commitment on which BRICS countries failed to make any progress was the one on the reforming the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Despite long-standing support of multilateral trade and the WTO’s primacy, BRICS members were unable to advance negotiations on DSU reform during the monitoring period.

The results of the compliance assessment carried out by the BRICS Research Group confirm the importance of enhancing “the efficiency of BRICS by improving the reporting process for previous commitments assumed by member countries,” as emphasized in the Concept of the Russian Federation’s Presidency in BRICS in 2015-2016.

The full 58-page report in English is available for download at http://www.brics.utoronto.ca/compliance/2014-fortaleza.html.

Sunday, 5 July 2015

PRESS RELEASE
Ghana’s President Mahama urges strengthened support from Afreximbank



Afreximbank President Designate Dr. Benedict Oramah (right) with Ghanaian President John Mahama.

Accra, 03 July 2015 – Ghanaian President John Mahama today in Accra urged the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) to further strengthen its trade finance support to the Ghanaian business sector, particularly in the areas of agro-processing and pharmaceuticals.
                Speaking when Dr. Benedict Oramah, President Designate of the Bank, paid him courtesy call, President Mahama highlighted the increasingly important roles of those sectors in the country’s economy and also called on the Bank to increase its involvement in Ghana’s manufacturing, construction, renewable energy and other key sectors.
He commended Dr. Oramah on his appointment as the next President of the Bank and pledged Ghana’s continued commitment to working with Afreximbank to achieve its objective of promoting intra and extra-African trade.
                Earlier, Dr. Oramah announced that Afreximbank had approved financing totaling about $2 billion for the Ghanaian government, corporates and financial institutions since 1993, with annual approvals increasing from $6.5 million in 1994 to $280 million in 2014.
                “As at October 2014, Ghana was the sixth largest beneficiary of the Bank’s funding programmes,” said Dr. Oramah, who noted that the support had been mainly directed toward the energy sector, the financial sector, the agro-processing and industrial development sectors and to the promotion of higher local value-added in Ghana’s extractive industries.
                The credit facilities provided by the Bank included a $150 million loan facility to the Volta River Authority to support capacity expansion and refurbishment activities and a further $300 million facility under negotiation; $70 million to a Ghanaian company to enable it offer mining and engineering services to international mining companies; $100 million to the Bank of Ghana to address short-term liquidity challenges; and $70 million to two Ghanaian-owned cocoa processing companies, he said.
                Dr. Oramah announced that Afreximbank was considering a framework to scale up its intervention in the Ghanaian economy in recognition of the opportunities offered by the relatively stable socio-political and economic environment.
“The package shall include foreign exchange liquidity support to facilitate essential imports and deal with the transitory challenges as well as term funding to strategic sectors towards the realization of the country’s long-term development agenda,” he explained.
                Dr. Oramah was accompanied on the visit by Kofi Adomakoh, Director of Afreximbank’s Project and Export Development Finance Department, and Joy Albright of the Legal Department.
               
President John Mahama of Ghana (centre) joined by (L-R) Mona Quartey, Deputy Finance Minister, Kofi Adomakoh, Director, Project and Export Development, Afreximbank, Dr. Benedict Oramah, Afreximbank President Designate, and Joy Albright of Afreximbank Legal Department



Mafua ni ugonjwa unaosumbua watu kila mwaka, hasa yanapoanza kutokea mabadiliko ya hali ya hewa, kutoka msimu wa joto kuingia baridi au kutoka msimu wa kiangazi kuingiza masika. Ili kujikinga na ugonjwa wa mafua, ni lazima mwili uwe na kinga ya kutosha.

Orodha ya vyakula vifuatavyo vimeelezwa kuwa na uwezo mkubwa wa kuimarisha kinga ya mwili na kupambana na maambukizi mengine kwa kuwa na kiasi kikubwa cha protini na virutubisho vingine.

SUPU YA KUKU


Supu ya kuku wa kienyeji inaelezwa kuwa na virutubisho vinavyosaidia kupunguza utokaji wa makamasi. Utapata virutubisho vingi zaidi ukitengeneza supu ya kuku kwa kuchanganya na mboga za majani. Weka chumvi kiasi kidogo katika supu hiyo.

VITUNGUU SAUMU


Vitunguu saumu vina kirutubisho aina ya ‘allicin’ ambacho kina uwezo wa kutoa kinga dhidi ya magonjwa mbalimbali ya kuambukiza. Kitunguu saumu kinatoa kinga halikadhalika kinapunguza muda wa mtu kuumwa na mafua. Tumia kitunguu hicho kwa kupika kwenye chakula au kwa kutafuna punje zake.

CHAI

Chai, hasa ya kijani, (green tea) ina virutubisho vya kuimarisha kinga ya mwili. Utafiti wa hivi karibuni uliofanywa na jarida moja la masuala ya virutubisho nchini Marekani (Journal of the American College of Nutrition) umeonesha kuwa watu wanaotumia chai kwa mpangilio maalum hawasumbuliwi mara kwa mara na mafua pamoja na magonjwa mengine ya kuambukiza, huwa salama na mafua au siku za kuumwa mafua hupungua kwa asilimia 36 ukilinganisha na wale wasiokuwa na kinga imara.

Hata hivyo, tahadhari inatolewa kwa watoto wa shule kutokupewa kiasi kingi cha chai kwa siku. Unywaji wa kikombe kimoja kwa siku kwa mtoto wa shule siyo mbaya. Kwa mtu mzima, asizidishe vikombe vitatu kwa siku. Ikumbukwe kuwa chai inapotumika kwa wingi kupita kiasi, huweza kusababisha pia tatizo la kukosa choo kwa muda mrefu. Kunywa kiasi kwa afya yako.

MACHUNGWA, PILIPILI KALI


Utafiti unaonesha kwamba ulaji wa vyakula vyenye Vitamin C kwa wingi kila siku husaidia kuondoa au kuzuia ugonjwa wa mafua. Miongoni mwa vyakula vyenye kiwango kikubwa cha Vitamin C ni pamoja na machungwa, mboga za majani aina ya Brokoli na pilipili kali.
Ili kupata kiasi kingi cha Vitamin C, inashauriwa machungwa yaliwe pamoja na nyama zake za ndani au kunywa juisi yake.

ASALI


Kama inavyojulikana, asali ni tiba ya matatizo mengi ya kiafya, miongoni mwa hayo ni pamoja na mafua. Asali inasaida kuondoa kikohozi na muwasho kwenye koo. Halikadhalika, asali inaweza kutumiwa na watoto wadogo kama dawa.

Watoto wanaoruhusiwa kutumia asali kama tiba ni wa umri kati ya miaka 2 hadi 5. Hawa dozi yao ni nusu kijiko kidogo cha asali, wenye umri wa miaka 6-11 wapewe kijiko kimoja kidogo na wenye umri kuanzia miaka 12 hadi 18, wapewe vijiko vidogo viwili vya asali wakati wa kulala.

MTINDI


Kutokana na kiwango kikubwa cha protini ilichonacho, Mtindi ni chakula kingine kinachofaa kuliwa na mtu mwenye mafua ili kupunduza siku za kusumbuliwa na ugonjwa kukohoa.

CHOKOLETI NYEUSI


Wataalamu wanakubaliana kuwa ulaji wa ‘chocolate’ nyeusi (dark chocolate) huimarisha kinga ya mwili, hivyo inapoliwa na mgonjwa wa mafua huweza kumpa ahueni mgonjwa kwa namna moja ama nyingine. Halikadhalika huwa kinga kwa maambukizi mengine.

PWEZA



Samaki aina ya pweza wana virutubisho vingi vya kuongeza kinga ya mwili yenye uwezo wa kupambana na bakteria pamoja na virusi vya mafua. Kiasi kidogo cha pweza, awe wa kukaangwa au kuchemshwa kama supu, anafaa kuliwa mara kwa mara kuimarisha kinga ya mwili.
VIAZI VITAMU

Kirutubisho aina ya ‘Beta-carotene’ huimarisha kinga ya mwili. Kirutubisho hicho huwa ni muhimu kwa ustawi na uimarishaji wa kinga mwilini na kinapatikana kwa wingi kwenye viazi vitamu na vyakula vingine kama vile karoti, maboga na mayai, (kiini).

Kwa ujumla, suala la kuimarisha kinga ya mwili ni muhimu kwa afya zetu. Ulaji wa vyakula vilivyotajwa hapo juu na vingine, unatakiwa kuwa ni wa mara kwa mara kama siyo wa kudumu, kwa sababu mwili unapokosa kinga imara, ni rahisi kushambuliwa na maradhi ya kuambukiza

Credit JF

Saturday, 4 July 2015

 Mapema leo gari liligonga na kuingia ndani ya nyumba moja nchini Afrika Kusini kupitia paa la nyumba hiyo kulingana na huduma ya dharura ya ER24 nchini humo.
 Dereva wa gari hilo amesema kuwa alipokuwa akiliendesha gari hilo alikutana na tuta moja barabarani lililosababisha gari hilo kuruka na kuanguka katika paa la nyumba hiyo.
 

Friday, 3 July 2015

 Mapema leo gari liligonga na kuingia ndani ya nyumba moja nchini Afrika Kusini kupitia paa la nyumba hiyo kulingana na huduma ya dharura ya ER24 nchini humo.
 Dereva wa gari hilo amesema kuwa alipokuwa akiliendesha gari hilo alikutana na tuta moja barabarani lililosababisha gari hilo kuruka na kuanguka katika paa la nyumba hiyo.

Tuesday, 30 June 2015

KABILA FILES CORRUPTION COMPLAINT AGAINST OFFICIALS

President Joseph Kabila has denied that there was any political motive behind the charges.
DRC president Joseph Kabila speaks during a joint press conference during the closing session of the French-speaking nations 'Francophonie' summit in Kinshasa on October 14, 2012. 2012. Picture: AFP/ Issouf Sanogo

KINSHASA - Democratic Republic of Congo's President Joseph Kabila has filed a criminal complaint against more than a dozen current and former government officials for fraud and corruption, the media ministry confirmed on Saturday.
It did not name anyone, but local and French media reported earlier this week that the complaint targeted senior officials including the governor of copper-rich Katanga province, Moise Katumbi - a longtime ally of the president turned critic. 
Katumbi, seen as a potential contender for the presidency in elections next year, told Reuters on Thursday he had not been officially informed of any charges but that he would not be surprised if they came.
The media ministry said the complaint includes allegations of accepting bribes and defrauding customs services. The public prosecutor's office says the dossier is sealed and has refused to name anyone mentioned in it.
"President Kabila is committed to doing everything possible to preserve the public's faith in both their elected and appointed representatives," media minister and government spokesman Lambert Mende said in the statement. 
He has denied that there was any political motive behind the charges.
Katumbi was a longtime ally of Kabila, but the two fell out in December after Katumbi publicly voiced opposition to the idea of Kabila serving a third term in office.
Kabila, who came to power in 2001 and won disputed elections in 2006 and 2011, is constitutionally ineligible to stand in the polls, but opponents accuse him of seeking to hold onto power beyond 2016. 
Kabila has refused to comment publicly on his political future, but Mende has said that the president intends to respect the constitution.
Congo ranks 154 out of 175 countries on Transparency International's corruption perceptions index.

Monday, 29 June 2015

 Mlezi wa chama cha wafanyakazi madereva Tanzania (TADWU), Mkuu wa Wilaya ya Kinondoni, Paul Makonda (katikati), akizungumza na madereva kabla ya kukabidhiwa rasimu ya maboresho ya maslahi ya madereva hao na cheti cha utambulisho wa chama hicho Dar es Salaam jana. Kulia ni  Katibu Mkuu wa Chama cha Wafanyakazi Madereva Tanzania (TADWU), Abdallah Lubara na Mwenyekiti wa zamani wa Umoja wa Madereva Tanzania, Clement Masanja.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Chama cha Wafanyakazi Madereva Tanzania (TADWU), Abdallah Lubara (kulia), akimkabidhi Mkuu wa Wilaya ya Kinondoni, Paul Makonda, rasimu ya mkataba wa maslahi ya madereva waliyokuwa wakiidai serikali kwa muda mrefu Dar es Salaam jana.

Mwenyekiti wa zamani wa Umoja wa Madereva Tanzania, Clement Masanja (kushoto), akimkabidhi Mkuu wa Wilaya ya Kinondoni, Paul Makonda cheti cha utambulisho wa chama chao kipya kitakachoitwa Chama cha Wafanyakazi Madereva Tanzania (TADWU) baada kuundwa rasmi ambacho kitazindulia Julai Mosi mwaka huu.
 Naibu katibu mkuu wa chama hicho, Rashid Said (kulia) akizungumzia yaliyomo kwenye rasimu hiyo na maboresho ya maslahi yao.
 DC Makonda akisalimiana na madereva baada ya kumaliza kwa mkutano huo.
 Madereva wakiwa wamesimama wakisubiri kusalimiana na mlezi wao DC Paul Makonda.
 Ni usikivu kwa mlezi wao wakati akihutubia.
 Mkutano ukiendelea.
 Hapa ni furaha tupu kwa madereva hao.
 Madereva wakiwa kwenye mkutano huo.
 Madereva wakishangilia hutuba ya mlezi wao Paul Makonda.
 Wanahabari kutoka vyombo mbalimbali wakichukua taarifa hiyo.
Mkutano ukiendelea


Na Dotto Mwaibale

CHAMA cha Madereva nchini nchini kimemkabidhi mlezi wao Mkuu wa Wlaya ya Kinondoni Paul Makonda rasimu ya mkataba uliobeba maboresha ya maslahi waliokuwa wanaidai kutoka kwa wamiliki pamoja na Serikali.

Katika hatua nyingine madereva hao Julai Mosi mwaka huu wanatarajiwa kuzindua chama chao ambacho kitaitwa Chama cha Madereva Wafanyakazi Tanzania (TADWU).

Hatua ya kutengeneza rasmu hiyo hiyo imekuja baada ya kikao walichokaa Juni 21 mwaka huu ambapo lengo lilikuwa ni kuwashinikiza waajiri kuwapa mikataba ya kudumu wakiwa kazini ikiwa ni pamoja na likizo za uzazi.

Akizungumza na waandishi wa habari Dar es Salaam jana, Naibu katibu mkuu wa chama hicho, Rashid Said alisema rasimu ya mkataba huo imebeba maboresho ya maslahi yao waliyokuwa wanadai.

Alisema madai hayo ni pamoja na bima ya maisha , mazishi yenye staha, muda wa kazi kisheria, matibabu, na nauli ya kwenda kazini.

"Leo tuna chama cha wafanyakazi madereva Tanzania , pia tumepewa mkataba hivyo nawatangazia madereva wote kuwa tumepata  chombo cha kuzungumzia tofauti na ilivyokuwa awali.

Kwa sasa imebaki kujadili na serikali kuhusu kuboreshwa kwa mishahara hivyo napenda kuwatangazia madereva kuwa tumepata mikataba tuliyohitaji miaka mingi,"alisema.

Katibu huyo aliongeza kuwa chama hicho hakitasita kumchulia hatua za kisheria mmiliki atakayekiuka sheria hizo na kuongeza hakitasitakumpeleka kwenye vyombo vya sheria kama walivyokuwa wanawafanyia mwanzoni.

Akikabidhiwa mkataba huo kwa chama hicho, Mkuu wa Wilaya ya Kinondoni, Paul Makonda alisema mahali walipofikia madereva hao kwa sasa ni jambo la kuleta maendele makubwa.

Alisema watanzania wanatakiwa kutambua kuwa madai hayo si kwa ajili ya madereva peke yao  bali ni kwa ajili ya taifa zima na kwamba kutatuliwa kwa changamoto hiyo kutapunguza ajali zinazoendelea kutokea nchini.

Makonda alisema asilimia kubwa ya madereva wamekuwa wakipata ajali kutokana na kuchoka hivyo wanaposinzia usahau kuwa wanaendesha vyombo vya moto hivyo kusababisha ajali.

Katika hatua nyingine Makonda alisema kuwa asilimia 80 ya waandishi wa habari hawana mikataba ya kudumu na kwamba ni changamoto hivyo aliwataka kwenda kuonana nae ili kupata ushauri wa namna ya kuwawezesha kuhakikisha wanapewa mikataba ya ajira na waajiri wao. (Imeandaliwa na mtandao wa www. habari za jamii.com-simu namba 0712-727062)